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1 Peter, lesson 6

Lesson 6

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, You are the Shepherd and Captain of our souls. We surrender our lives to You and make You the center of our lives. We give You full control of our lives because You are omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Peter 5:1-14, Shepherd the flock, Christian relationships, farewell

VV 1-4, 1 The elders who are among you I exhort, I who am a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that will be revealed: 2 Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, serving as overseers, not by compulsion but willingly, not for dishonest gain but eagerly; 3 nor as being lords over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock; 4 and when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that does not fade away.

Church elders are shepherds of the flock of God. The flock belonged to God. Jesus is the chief shepherd, and elders are under-shepherds who take instructions from Him. A shepherd is a pastor. A pastor’s job is to teach, protect, feed, nurture, guide, role model, and take care of all the needs of his sheep. A pastor should do the job willingly. eagerly, honestly, and above reproach, to receive an eternal crown of glory on His second coming.

VV 5-7, 5 Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another and be clothed with humility, for “God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble.” 6 Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time, 7 casting all your care upon Him, for He cares for you.

Younger Christians should submit to elders of the church, and submit to other Christians in humility. We should humble themselves to God and He will exalt us in due time. We should cast our cares on Christ because He cares for us.

James 4:6, But He gives more grace. Therefore He says, “God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.”

VV 8-11, 8 Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. 9 Resist him, steadfast in the faith, knowing that the same sufferings are experienced by your brotherhood in the world. 10 But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you. 11 To Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.

We should be clear-minded and watchful because the devil is out to harm us as a roaring lion. We should resist the devil with unshakable faith in Christ, James 4:7. Christians suffering in the name of Christ is universal. God who called us into His glory in Christ will establish, strengthen, and stabilize us in due time. Verse 11 is another doxology. Glory and dominion belonged to Christ eternally.

James 4:7, “Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you”.

VV 12-14, 12 By Silvanus, our faithful brother, as I consider him, I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which you stand. 13 She who is in Babylon, elect together with you, greets you; and so does Mark my son. 14 Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace to you all who are in Christ Jesus. Amen.

The amanuensis or secretary who wrote on behalf of Peter was Silvanus. Peter dictated and Silvanus wrote. Babylon was the code name for Rome. Peter acknowledged John Mark, the author of Mark, his protege and spiritual god-son in the faith. Peter pronounced a blessing of peace to his audience. Hebrew for peace is “shalom”, which means tranquility.

Application:

Elders of the church teach, protect, feed, nurture, guide, role model, and take care of the sheep. They should do their job willingly. eagerly, honestly, and above reproach.

We should submit to church elders, other Christians, and God with humility. We should cast all our cares upon Christ because He cares for us. We should be vigilant, clear-minded, watchful, and resist the devil.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, help us to be vigilant, clear-minded, and watchful because the devil is a roaring lion out to harm us. Help us resist the devil with unshakeable faith in Christ. We pray for Your grace to establish, strengthen, and stabilize us, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Chapter two: 2 Peter, prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit

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1 Peter, Lesson 4

Lesson 4

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, we pray for the pure milk of Your Living Word to feed our weary souls. We pray for Bread of Life, Living Bread, Living Manna, and Living Water, Living Rock, and Living Stone, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Peter 3:1-22, marital relationships, no retaliation, true beauty, apologetic, substitutionary atonement

VV 1-6, 1 Wives, likewise, be submissive to your own husbands, that even if some do not obey the word, they, without a word, maybe won by the conduct of their wives, 2 when they observe your chaste conduct accompanied by fear. 3 Do not let your adornment be merely outward, arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on fine apparel, 4 rather let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the incorruptible beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of God. 5 For in this manner, in former times, the holy women who trusted in God also adorned themselves, being submissive to their own husbands, 6 as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, whose daughters you are if you do good and are not afraid with any terror.

Wives should submit to husbands and give them good testimonies through good behavior, conduct, and lifestyle. Wives should avoid overdressing, extensive make-up, and flaunting expensive jewellery, 1 Timothy 2:9-10. True incorruptible beauty comes from a person’s character and heart attitude. People look at outward appearances but God looks at the heart, 1 Samuel 16:7. Sarah submitted to Abraham and called him Lord.

1 Samuel 16:7, But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

1 Timothy 2:9-10, “in like manner also, that the nwomen adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety and 5moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing, but, which is proper for women professing godliness, with good works”.

V 7, Husbands, likewise, dwell with them with understanding, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered.

Husbands should love wives with understanding, honor, and due considerations for their inherent physical weaknesses. Husbands and wives are joint heirs in the kingdom, sharing the same heavenly inheritance through grace. Husband’s love for his wife is a prerequisite to answered prayers.

VV 8-12, Finally, all of you be of one mind, having compassion for one another; love as brothers, be tenderhearted, be courteous; 9 not returning evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary blessing, knowing that you were called to this, that you may inherit a blessing. 10 For “He who would love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips from speaking deceit. 11 Let him turn away from evil and do good, let him seek peace and pursue it. 12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and His ears are open to their prayers, but the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”

Christians should be unanimous in compassion, love, care, and courtesy towards each other. They should not repay evil with evil but return evil with good by turning the other cheek, Matthew 5:39, and Romans 12:21. God sees the righteous, hears their prayers. but turns His face away from the wicked. Peter quoted Psalm 34: 15-16

Matthew 5:39, “But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also”.

Romans 12:21, “Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good”.

Psalm 34: 15-16, The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and His ears are open to their cry. The face of the Lord is against those who do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.

VV 13-17, 13 And who is he who will harm you if you become followers of what is good? 14 But even if you should suffer for righteousness sake, you are blessed. “And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled.” 15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear; 16 having a good conscience, that when they defame you as evildoers, those who revile your good conduct in Christ may be ashamed. 17 For it is better, if it is the will of God, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil.

Christians should not be afraid of suffering and external threats. Suffering for the gospel and righteousness sake is a blessing. Greek for defense is “apologia”, which means a well-reasoned reply. Christian apologetic is a branch of theology in defending the Christian faith against objections by non-believers. Christians should be ready to defend their faith and give testimonies on their salvation to non-believers out of love, humility, meekness, and good conscience.

VV 18-22, 18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, 19 by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, 20 who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. 21 There is also an antitype which now saves us, baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22 who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers having been made subject to Him.

Through a substitutionary atonement on the cross, Christ who is righteous suffered for the sins of the unrighteousness. Jesus, the sinless One, was made into a sinner to make sinners righteous before God, 2 Corinthians 5:21. Between His death and resurrection Jesus Christ descended into hell and preached the gospel to the disobedient souls who died in the flood during the time of Noah. Not all scholars agree with this interpretation. Augustine proposed that Christ preached the gospel to the disobedient unbelievers during Noah’s time in the spirit, through Noah.

Noah’s ark and the flood are the foreshadows of Christ and water baptism. Noah and his family were saved in the ark. Christians are saved in Christ. Noah and his family emerged out of the flood with new lives. Christians entered the water of baptism in death and emerged out of the water into new lives.

2 Corinthians 5:21, “For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him”.

Application

Wives should submit to their husbands just as husbands submit to Christ. Husbands should love their wives just as Christ loved His bride, the church, and give His life for her. Christians should be unanimous in compassion, love, care, and courtesy towards each other. Christians who suffered for the gospel will be blessed by God.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, help us apply Peter’s encouragements, instructions, warnings, and admonishments to his audience into our lives according to our unique life situations. Help us to submit to one another, to government authorities, to kings, and You. Thank You for the inerrant, infallible, and inspired Word of eternal life, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

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1 Peter, Lesson 3

Lesson 3

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, we pray that You will speak to each one of us individually according to our unique situation and circumstances. Thank You for the ministry of Your word. We give You the permission to teach, convict, correct, train, and transform us into Your image, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Peter 2: 1-25, pure milk, cornerstone, living stones, from darkness to light,

VV 1-2, 1 Therefore, laying aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and all evil speaking, 2 as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby, 3 if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is gracious.

Paul encouraged his audience to set aside malice, deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and evil speech. Having tasted the grace of God, they should crave, desire, and feed on the pure milk of God’s word for spiritual maturity, growth, and nourishment. God’s word is pure milk for the soul.

VV 4-6, 4 Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious, 5 you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6 Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture, “Behold, I lay in Zion, a chief cornerstone, elect, precious, and he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.”

Jesus Christ is the chosen and precious chief cornerstone of God’s spiritual temple that is unbelievers rejected. Believers are the living stones and priests of God’s spiritual temple who offer living sacrifices of their lives to God, Romans 12:1. Peter quoted Isaiah 28:16.

Romans 12:1, “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service”.

Isaiah 28:16, Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, a costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed”.

VV 7-8, 7 Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, “The stone which the builders rejected, has become the chief cornerstone,” 8 and “A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense.” They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed.

Christ is a precious stone to believers but a stumbling and offensive stone to non-believers. The word of God is offensive to non-believers and they stumble over Christ in disobedience. Peter quoted psalm 118:22.

Psalm 118:22, “The stone which the builders rejected, had become the chief cornerstone”.

VV 9-10, 9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; 10 who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

Christians are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a Holy nation, God’s special people, whom He called out of darkness into light. Peter quoted Hosea 2:23. In the past, they were not God’s chosen people but now they were God’s people. In the past, they did not receive God’s mercy but now, they had received God’s mercy.

Hosea 2: 23, Then I will sow her for Myself in the earth, And I will have mercy on her who had not obtained mercy. Then I will say to those who were not My people, ‘’You are My people!’’ And they shall say, ‘’You are my God!’’

VV 11-12, 11 Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul, 12 having your conduct honorable among the Gentiles, that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of visitation.

Peter addressed his audience as his beloved. As temporary residents and pilgrims, they should abstain from lusts and dishonorable conduct to be a good testimony to unbelievers.

VV 13-17, 13 Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake, whether to the king as supreme, 14 or to governors, as to those who are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do good. 15 For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men 16 as free, yet not using liberty as a cloak for vice, but as bondservants of God. 17 Honor all people. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

They submit to government authorities and kings for the Lord’s sake. They should fear God, honor people, and honor the King. God’s will was for them to do good works, honor people, love Christians, honor God, and King.

VV 18-21, 18 Servants, be submissive to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle but also to the harsh. 19 For this is commendable, if because of conscience toward God one endures grief, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what credit is it if, when you are beaten for your faults, you take it patiently? But when you do good and suffer, if you take it patiently, this is commendable before God. 21 For to this you were called, because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow His steps

Today we do not have slaves and masters but we have employees and employers. Employees should submit to their employers with respect even when their employers treated them harshly. They should endure suffering as this was commendable to God. They should follow Christ as an example and share in His suffering.

VV 22-25, 22 “Who committed no sin, nor was deceit found in His mouth”; 23 who, when He was reviled, did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously; 24 who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness, by whose stripes you were healed. 25 For you were like sheep going astray, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.

Christ did not retaliate against the Jewish leaders who put Him to death but prayed for their forgiveness on the cross. He committed Himself to God, the ultimate righteous judge. He died to sins on the cross for us to make us righteous before God, 2 Corinthians 5:21. We were like sheep who had gone astray and returned to Christ the Shepherd and Captain of our souls. Peter quoted Isaiah 53: 5-6.

2 Corinthians 5:21, “For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him”.

Isaiah 53:5-6, “But He was wounded for our transgressions He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, everyone, to his own way;

And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all”.

Application:

We should crave, desire, and feed on the pure milk of God’s word to grow in the knowledge and grace of our Lord and Saviour. God’s word is pure milk, Living bread, living manna, and living water. Without God’s word, our souls will be weak, stunted, unhealthy, and die.

We are the living stones and priests in God’s spiritual temple. We are God’s chosen generation, God’s royal priesthood, holy and sanctified by the Holy Spirit. We offer our bodies as living sacrifices to serve God. We offer our sacrifices of praise and spiritual gifts in kingdom service.

We should not hold too tightly to the things of this world because our real home is in heaven.

We should submit to government authorities and kings.

Employees should submit to employers with respect and employers should treat employees with fairness and respect.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for the epistle of apostle 1 Peter that transcended time, culture, geography, and history. Even though Peter wrote this epistle 2000 years ago, it is still very relevant and fresh to us in the 21st century. We pray for obedience, submission, and wisdom, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

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1 Peter, lesson 2

Lesson 2

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, we pray for Your presence in our journey into the general epistle of 1 Peter. We pray for the presence and anointing of the Holy Spirit to help us rightly divide the truth of Your Word, in Jesus’ name, Amen.

1 Peter 1: 1-25, salutation, living hope, the heavenly inheritance, be holy, enduring Word

VV 1-2, 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To the pilgrims of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ, Grace to you and peace be multiplied.

Peter spelled out his credential as an apostle of Jesus Christ. Peter was initially a disciple of John the Baptist. Jesus called him out from a Galilean fisherman into a fisher of the souls of men. The recipients of his epistle were the diasporic Jewish Christians dispersed from Jerusalem to the Romans provinces of Asia Minor, Pontius, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, due to Romans persecutions. God, the Father elected them according to divine predestination and foreknowledge. The Holy Spirit sanctified them. Christ redeemed them by His blood. All three persons of the Godhead, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, played a role in divine election. Peter pronounced a blessing of grace and peace to his audience. The result of salvation and justification by grace through faith in Jesus Christ is peace and reconciliation with God.

VV 3-5, 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

Greek for blessed is “eulogos”, which means to speak well of someone. Greek for begotten is “annagennao”, which means born again. Christians are born again into a living hope to receive an eternal inheritance through Christ’s resurrection from the dead, John 3:3 and 3:5. . Our heavenly inheritance is incorruptible, undefiled, divinely reserved, and preserved for us until Christ’s second coming.

John 3:3, Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

John 3:5, Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.

VV 6-9, 6 In this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, you have been grieved by various trials, 7 that the genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ, 8 whom having not seen you love. Though now you do not see Him, yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, 9 receiving the end of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

Peter encouraged his audience to rejoice in the face of trials because these are the tests of faith. Faith tested by fire is more precious than gold. If they persevere, they will receive salvation, praise, honour, glory, and the inexpressible joy of seeing Christ at His second coming.

VV 10-12, 10 Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, 11 searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. 12 To them it was revealed that not to themselves, but to us they were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things which angels desire to look into.

the Holy Spirit revealed Christ’s first and second coming to the Old Testament prophets. Christ’s first coming was fulfilled but His second coming is still a future event. Even angels desire to know these events.

VV 13-15, 13 Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest your hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 14 as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts, as in your ignorance; 15 but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, 16 because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy”, Leviticus 19:2.

Peter encouraged his audience to be mentally prepared, clear-minded, and rest in the living hope of Christ’s second coming. They should behave like obedient children free from lust and ignorance. They should be holy because God is holy, quoting Leviticus 19:2.

Leviticus 19:2, “Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them, You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy”.

VV 17-21, 17 And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear; 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world but was manifest in these last times for you 21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

Peter reminded his audience that they were redeemed by the precious blood of Jesus, Lamb of God, pre-existent, self-existent, eternal, and foreordained before time. Christ manifested in human flesh through the incarnation, rose from the dead through resurrection, ascended, glorified, and exalted to heaven by God for those who believe in Him by faith.

VV 22-25, 22 Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, 23 having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever, 24 because “All flesh is as grass and all the glory of man as the flower of the grass. The grass withers and its flower falls away, 25 But the word of the Lord endures forever.” Now, this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.

Peter reminded his audience that they were sanctified by the Holy Spirit to obey the truth. They should love one another with a sincere motive. They were born again by the Holy Spirit through the incorruptible seed, the eternal Word of God. Peter quoted Isaiah 40:7-8. People are nothing more than perishable grass and flowers but the Word of God is eternal and remains forever.

Isaiah 40:7-8, “The grass withers, the flower fades because the breath of the Lord blows upon it. Surely the people are grass. The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever.”

Application:

We are born again by the Holy Spirit through the incorruptible seed of God’s Word into a living hope to receive an eternal inheritance through Christ’s resurrection from the dead.

We rejoice in the face of sufferings, tribulations, afflictions, and trials because these are these tests of faith are more precious than gold.

Sufferings produce perseverance, perseverance produces character and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint. We should be mentally prepared, clear-minded, and rest in the living hope of Christ. Our lives should be holy because God is holy. We are redeemed by the precious blood of Christ.

Romans 5:3-5, “And not only that but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope. Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us”.

Prayer:

Heavenly Father, thank You for regenerating us by the Holy Spirit through the incorruptible seed of Your living Word. We are like grass and flowers which are transient and perishable, but Your Word is eternal and remains forever, in Jesus’ name, Amen.